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The Facebook Group Penelope Stout Descendants is having a vigorous discussion of Kent Island and indentured servant Penelope Prince (who may or may not be famous Penelope of Sandy Hook), who was transported by Captain Robert Vaughan in 1644, who sold her contract to William Cox. She ran away in 1646.
March 27, 1634: An expedition led by Leonard Calvert (Lord Baltimore’s brother) founded a settlement at St. Mary's. Until 1650 the whole of the Western Shore was called "St. Mary's," to distinguish it from the Eastern Shore, or Kent.
Sept 1634: Maryland established jurisdiction over Kent Island and confiscated Clayborne’s properties. Clayborne fled to Virginia and then to England.
Evelyn to be “Commander” of Kent Island.
April 1638: King Charles re-affirmed Maryland’s jurisdiction over Kent Island
February 25, 1638/9: Two delegates, representing the 24 male heads of families of Kent Island, were accepted into the Maryland assembly. This implies a population of about 120 residents.
1639: Maryland refused Clayborne’s request for restitution.
February 3, 1639/40: Capt. Giles Brent became Commander.
August 14, 1640: William Brainthwayte became Commander again.
July 10, 1641: Governor proclaims it lawful to kill any Indians found on Kent Island.
1642: King Charles appointed Clayborne Treasurer of Virginia.
1 Dec 1644: Governor Calvert proclaimed William Clayborne and Richard Thompson enemies of the Maryland for attempting to stir up the Indians.
Jan 1, 1644/5: William Brainthwayte became Commander again. Robert Vaughan and William Cox were commissioners.
1644: Clayborne persuaded the Indians to make war on Maryland. Then Clayborne occupied Kent Island while his associate Richard Ingle militarily drove Governor Calvert from Maryland and took over the western shore.
April 16, 1647: The inhabitants of Kent Island either fled or swore loyalty to Maryland.
June 9, 1647: Leonard Calvert died at St. Mary’s.
Jan 30, 1648/9: The puritans beheaded King Charles I.
1649: Capt. Robert Vaughan was Kent Island representative to Maryland legislature
Sept 1651: Lord Protector Cromwell authorizes Clayborne to conquer Maryland.
March 1651/2: Clayborne with help of English warships conquers Maryland.
July 1652: Clayborne allowed Governor Stone to have the western shore while Clayborne kept the eastern shore.
August 1652: Thomas Ward was arrested upon “suspicion of felony.” A servant had run away several times. Mrs. Ward whipped her with a peach tree rod and afterwards salted her. The court fined the Wards 300 pounds of tobacco for "unreasonable and unchristian-like punishment … considering her weak estate of body” but didn’t find them guilty of the maid’s death.
Edward Coppedge was fined 600 pounds of tobacco for "living in" with Elizabeth Kisby, who received 15 lashes.
Capt. Robert Vaughan was fined for insulting the “Puritan” court.
April 1, 1653: Robert Vaughan apologized and his fines were remitted.
Uncertain date: “In the year 1652, Mark Benton " petitioned against Robt. Vaughan for order from the Court for his freedom, with corne and clothes." The Court decided in his favor.”
Late 1654: Lord Baltimore claimed all of Maryland.
March 25, 1655: Clayborne defeated Governor Stone in battle.
1658: Governor Stone re-establishes permanent control of Kent Island.
genealogy notes: Major James Ringgold, of Huntingfield, " lord of the
manor on Eastern Neck," son of Thomas Ringgold, was twice
m. By his 1st wife he had one son, Thomas Ringgold. His
2d wife was Mary Vaughan, dau. of Capt. Robert Vaughan,
the Commander of Kent from 1647 to 1652,
January 26, 1668/9: Mrs. Mary Vaughan, the Relict of Capt.
Robert Vaughan, brought a suit against John Muggison.
“The Stouts very justly take pride in their family history, and being mostly Baptists, they take pride in their Baptist history also. When they meet a stranger by the name of Stout, who manifests a disposition to claim relationship, they apply one test only in their family history. They do not ask him to pronounce the word Shibboleth, but ascertain if he has any knowledge of PENELOPE, and if he knows nothing of her, they know nothing of him. In other words, they do not cultivate his acquaintance, in the direction of relationship, any further.”